© National Portrait Gallery, London
King William I ('The Conqueror')
by John Carwitham, probably after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
3 1/2 in. x 2 1/2 in. (88 mm x 63 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- NPG D34141: The Sovereigns of England, part 1 (from same plate)
Exiled Jacobite leader Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke is pardoned and allowed to return to London from Paris. Workhouse Test Act under which poor relief claimants have to enter a workhouse. Black Act makes poaching a capital offence.
Art and science
Architect Christopher Wren dies. Artist Joshua Reynolds is born in Plympton, Devon.Portrait-painter Godfrey Kneller dies.Philosopher Bernard de Mandeville republishes his celebrated Fable of the Bees
with new essays on charity and the nature of society. They are vigorously combated and made the subject of prosecution in 1729.
Holy Roman Emperor, Charles VI, agrees that Hungary shall be ruled as a separate kingdom within his empire.Treaty of Charlottenburg signed between Britain and Prussia, which arranges for George I's grandson to marry a Prussian princess and Prince Frederick of Prussia to marry the Prince of Wales' daughter. It is never enacted.