© National Portrait Gallery, London
James I of Scotland
by Richard Gaywood Click on the links below to find out more
etching and line engraving, published 1681 (circa 1655)
6 1/4 in. x 4 1/4 in. (160 mm x 108 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1964
Third Exclusion Parliament meets in Oxford avoiding disruption in Whig-dominated London. Charles II refuses Exclusionists's proposal that James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, his illegitimate son with Lucy Walter, should succeed to the throne, replacing James, Duke of York. Prominent Exclusionist, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, is arrested on suspicion of high treason.
Art and science
Natural philosopher, Samuel Morland is appointed 'Master of Mechanicks' to the king having transformed Windsor Castle's water system. Architect, Christopher Wren, is commissioned to design the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.Poet laureate, John Dryden, writes political satire Absalom and Achitophel
, focusing upon the trial of Anthony Ashley-Cooper.
King of France, Louis XIV, concerned by England's instability over the exclusion crisis, offers Charles II a subsidy, bolstering the king in his dealings with Parliament. In return, England agrees to withdraw from entering an anti-French alliance with Spain; Laurence Hyde, Lord of the Treasury, signs the accord with France.