© reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London
by Florence Enid Stoddard Click on the links below to find out more
pencil on paper, circa 1937
14 in. x 8 1/2 in. (356 mm x 215 mm) overall
Given by Christine Hayes
- Eugene Herbodeau (1888-1982), Maitre-chef at the Carlton Hotel; biographer of Escoffier. Sitter in 1 portrait.
George VI becomes king. The younger brother of Edward VIII was crowned on the 12th May and the coronation was broadcast to Britain and the Empire on the radio. Edward becomes the Duke of Windsor, although the rank of 'Royal Highness' is not extended to Wallis Simpson.Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister following Baldwin's retirement.
Art and science
Roland Penrose organises a tour of Picasso's painting Guernica
to the UK. The painting, which shows the horrors of the Spanish Civil War, went on display at the Whitechapel Art Gallery in East London.A new synthetic fabric is invented and named after New York and London: Nylon.
Commercial airship travel is brought to an end with the 'Hindenberg Disaster'. The German airship exploded while landing in New Jersey. The radio broadcaster Herbert Morrison's reaction has become legendary: 'Oh, the humanity!'Japan invades China, killing about 25,000. Japanese Troops committed numerous atrocities against soldiers and civilians in what became known as the 'Rape of Nanking'.