© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Philip Simms, after Robert White Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1731
11 in. x 7 1/4 in. (278 mm x 183 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Nicholas Ridley (1500-1555), Bishop of London. Sitter associated with 28 portraits.
- Philip Simms (active 1725-1749). Artist associated with 7 portraits.
- Robert White (1645-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 607 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Legal proceedings in British courts are conducted in the English language for the first time.
Art and science
Sculptor Michael Rysbrack creates a monument to Newton in Westminster Abbey.The influential Gentleman's Magazine
is launched on 1 January. Agriculturalist Jethro Tull publishes his pioneering treatise The New Horse-Houghing Husbandry
Treaty of Vienna with Austria is signed by Philip Dormer Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield on behalf of Britain, marking the collapse of the Anglo-French Alliance (1727-1731) and the beginning of the Anglo-Austrian Alliance. Trader Robert Jenkins has his ear cut off by Spanish coast guards in Cuba leading to the War of Jenkins' Ear in 1739.