© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary, Queen of Scots
by Leonard Gaultier, published by P. Gourdelle Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, after 1587
6 3/8 in. x 4 5/8 in. (161 mm x 117 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1951
- Leonard Gaultier (circa 1561-1641). Artist associated with 5 portraits.
- P. Gourdelle (active late 16th century), Publisher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots for conspiring to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I. Elizabeth signs the death warrant of her cousin with considerable misgivings. Queen Elizabeth I forces Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester to resign his post as Governor-General of the Netherlands.Sir Francis Drake sacks the Spanish port Cadiz thereby forcing Philip II of Spain to postpone his planned invasion of England by a year.
Art and science
First performance of Christopher Marlowe's Tamburlaine the Great
.The property developer Philip Henslowe builds the Rose Theatre in Southwark, London. The Protestant reformer John Knox's History of the Reformation in Scotland
is published posthumously.
Birth of Virginia Dare, the first English child to be born in America. She is granddaughter to John White, the governor of the second colony to be established on Roanoke Island (in present-day North Carolina, USA). Pope Sixtus V calls for a Catholic crusade against England to depose the Protestant Queen Elizabeth.