© National Portrait Gallery, London
Alexander III, Emperor of Russia
by Sergey Lvovich Levitsky, and Rafail Levitsky Click on the links below to find out more
albumen print, circa 1885
4 5/8 in. x 3 1/2 in. (119 mm x 90 mm) image size
Given by Martin Plaut, 2012
- Rafail Levitsky (1847-1940), Artist and photographer; son of Sergey Lvovich Levitsky. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Sergey Lvovich Levitsky (1819-1898), Photographer. Artist associated with 28 portraits.
Redistribution Act; continues Gladstone's extensive package of electoral reform, although his Liberal government is later defeated when the Irish Nationalists, seeking support for Home Rule, side with the Conservatives over a budget measure. The Marquess of Salisbury is invited to form a 'caretaker' government.
Art and scienceThe Dictionary of National Biography
is first published quarterly, under the editorship of Leslie Stephen, and sub-editorship of Sidney Lee. Volume 63 completed the work in 1900. Setting new standards in life writing, the DNB
exemplified the form of the brief biography, formalising a style and approach to writing lives, based on Stephen's guiding principles of selection and presentation in 'business-like form'.
The death of the famous General Charles Gordon sparks outrage in Britain. Sent to the Sudan to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum, threatened by Sudanese rebels under Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi, Khartoum quickly came under siege, and Gordon is killed and beheaded two days before the relief force arrived. The British public proclaimed Gordon a martyr, and attacked government, particularly Gladstone, for not relieving British forces earlier.