© National Portrait Gallery, London
Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill
by and published by Charles Turner, and published by Colnaghi & Co, and published by J. Watson, after Henry William Pickersgill Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 14 May 1834
28 3/4 in. x 19 1/2 in. (729 mm x 494 mm) paper size
Transferred from National Army Museum: London: UK, 2013
- Colnaghi & Co (active 1809-1835), Publishers. Artist associated with 100 portraits.
- Henry William Pickersgill (1782-1875), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 108 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Charles Turner (1773-1857), Engraver. Artist associated with 618 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- J. Watson (active 1826-1847), Publisher. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
Sir Robert Peel, Tory, replaces Whig Lord Melbourne as Prime Minister, promising measured reform in a shift from reactionary 'Tory' to more measured 'Conservative' politics (he had voted for the 1832 Reform Act).Trial of Tolpuddle Martyrs
, six labourers transported to Australia after trying to raise funds for workers in need by forming a Friendly Society.
Art and science
Charles Babbage's invents the Analytic Machine. Considered to be the forerunner to the modern computer, the machine was able to make automatic mathematical calculations. Edward Bulwer-Lytton publishes his hugely popular, but now largely neglected, novel Last Days of Pompeii
, set in the Italian city at the time of Mount Vesuvius' eruption in 79AD.
Dom Miguel I, King of Portugal, is defeated by his brother Pedro IV, in the Portuguese civil war. Slavery is abolished in the British dominions, although slaves still working are indentured to their former owners in an 'apprenticeship' system; the philanthropist Joseph Sturge was a prominent critic of the policy, which was abolished in 1838. Whilst slave owners received compensation, slaves received nothing.