© National Portrait Gallery, London
by William Spalding, printed by Thomas Packer, published by Howard & Co Click on the links below to find out more
chromolithograph, circa 1879-1886
14 in. x 9 5/8 in. (357 mm x 246 mm) paper size
Given by John Hall, 1972
- Fred Coyne (1845-1886), Music hall singer. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Howard & Co, Publishers. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Thomas Packer (active 1855-1880s), Lithographic printer. Artist associated with 12 portraits.
- William Spalding (active 1870s-1880s), Proprietor of design studio. Artist associated with 7 portraits.
Women's education continues to grow, with the founding of women's colleges in Oxford. Somerville College took its name from the late Scottish scientific writer Mary Somerville. Lady Margaret Hall was founded by Elizabeth Wordsworth, great niece of the poet, and named after Margaret Beaufort, a medieval noblewoman and mother of Henry VII.
Art and science
Edison invents the first practical electric light bulb.The first prehistoric paintings, dating back 14,000 years, are discovered in the Altamira caves in Northern Spain when a young girl notices paintings of bison on the ceilings. The French actress Sarah Bernhardt, already acclaimed for roles in plays such as Racine's Phèdre
and Victor Hugo's Hernani
, celebrates a successful season at London's Gaiety Theatre.
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, starring Michael Caine, in 1964.