© National Portrait Gallery, London
William, Duke of Gloucester
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1699 (1699)
13 5/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (346 mm x 251 mm) plate size; 14 in. x 10 1/4 in. (356 mm x 261 mm) paper size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D9213: William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
- NPG D11928: William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
- NPG D7787: William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
- NPG D19663: William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
Archbishop Thomas Tenison in his circular letter to the bishops, emphasises their duty to instruct and guide parishioners away from sinful practises and encourage a moral reformation. Resignation of leading Whigs, opposed to a peacetime standing army, results in the disintegration and removal of the Whig Junto administration.
Art and science
Nicholas Hawksmoor meets playwright, Sir Jonathan Vanbrugh, the latter having just taken up architecture. The two architects would go on to collaborate on designs for Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.
A second expedition from Scotland arrives at its newly established colony, Darien, south of Panama. Financed by the Company of Scotland, backed by John Hay, Scotland's Lord Chancellor, the disastrous Darien venture was Scotland's attempt in mercantilism to alleviate the country from a period rife with famine.