© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary of Modena
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
13 3/4 in. x 10 1/8 in. (348 mm x 256 mm) plate size; 14 1/8 in. x 10 1/2 in. (360 mm x 266 mm) paper size
- Mary of Modena (1658-1718), Queen of James II. Sitter associated with 55 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1681 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
A great storm ravages southern England killing thousands at sea and wrecking several naval warships along the coast.The Scottish Parliament passes a Bill of Security stipulating that the successor to the Scottish throne is Protestant, descended from Scottish kings. It is vetoed by the English Parliament.
Art and science
Scholarly church historian, William Wake, publishes The State of the Church and Clergy of England
, a history of English synods since Anglo-Saxon times. Sailing and Fighting Instructions for her Majesty's Fleet
, by Admiral George Rooke provides the basis for English fleet tactics throughout the century.
Diplomat, John Methuen, negotiates commercial treaties between England and Portugal to facilitate trading relations. Portugal enters the grand alliance against France in the War of the Spanish Succession.