© National Portrait Gallery, London
after Robert White Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, (1679)
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- John Bunyan (1628-1688), Author of 'The Pilgrim's Progress'. Sitter associated with 24 portraits.
- Robert White (1645-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 607 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Cavalier Parliament dissolves over the exclusion crisis - removing James, Duke of York from the line of succession. First of three 'Exclusion Parliaments' assembles; William Russell, Lord Bedford, member of the nascent Whig party, introduces an Exclusion Bill. James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, suppresses rebellious Scottish covenanters at Bothwell Bridge.
Art and science
An adaptation of Sophocles's Oedipus
is published, a collaboration between poet laureate, John Dryden and playwright, Nathaniel Lee. It becomes a hugely successful stage production during the Restoration period. Composer, Henry Purcell, becomes organist of Westminster Abbey.
The daughter of Henrietta Anne of England and Philippe, Duke of Orleans, Marie Louise d'Orleans, marries Charles II of Spain. It was hoped the marriage would improve relations between France and Spain who had previously been at war over the Spanish Netherlands.