© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham
by Valentine Green, after John Hoppner Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1799
11 1/4 in. x 8 1/8 in. (286 mm x 207 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- Valentine Green (1739-1813), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- John Hoppner (1758-1810), Painter. Artist associated with 214 portraits, Sitter in 13 portraits.
- NPG D1282: John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham (from same plate)
The Prince of Wales is reconciled with his secret wife Maria Fitzherbert.Corresponding Societies Act is passed prohibiting certain named political groups including the radical London Corresponding Society and the United Irishmen.
Art and science
The Swiss artist Henry Fuseli, resident in England since 1778, is appointed Professor of Painting at the Royal Academy.The conservative educator Hannah More publishes her Strictures on Female Education
which criticised demands for women's rights while proposing an active role for them within religious and moral movements.
Successful defence of Acre in the Levant is led by William Sidney Smith.British expedition to Holland, led by General Ralph Abercromby, ends in evacuation after allies defeated at Battle of Bergen-op-Zoom. Fall of the ruling Directory in France. Napoleon seizes power.The Rosetta Stone is discovered in Egypt.