© National Portrait Gallery, London
Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield
by John Simon, after William Hoare Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, (circa 1742)
- William Hoare (1707-1792), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 74 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
- NPG D19096: Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (from same plate)
Robert Walpole resigns as Prime Minister following the scandal surrounding the alleged rigging of the Chippenham by-election. He is made 1st Earl of Orford. Carteret administration formed with Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington as Prime Minister.
Art and science
Composer George Frideric Handel's Messiah
is first performed at The Great Music Hall in Dublin. Ranelagh Gardens opens in Chelsea. Writer Edmond Hoyle publishes the definitive rules of whist.James Bradley succeeds Edmond Halley as Astronomer Royal.Painter Charles Jervas' translation of Don Quixote
is posthumously published.
War of the Austrian Succession: Treaty of Berlin, mediated by Britain, is signed by Maria Theresa of Austria and Frederick II of Prussia, ending the First Silesian War. George II acts as guarantor. Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius proposes 100 degrees between the freezing and boiling points of water.