King William III
1 portrait on display in Room 8 at the National Portrait Gallery
King William III
by Romeyn de Hooghe
etching, circa 1690
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Sitterback to top
- King William III (1650-1702), Reigned 1689-1702. Sitter associated with 139 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Romeyn de Hooghe (1645-1708), Engraver and caricaturist. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
This portraitback to top
De Hooghe was a prolific and skilled Dutch printmaker who produced a huge quantity of printed propaganda in Holland in support of William III and his claim to the English throne.
Events of 1690back to top
Current affairsWilliam III, forced to leave England to fight in Ireland, empowers Mary II, through the Regency Act, to exercise authority in his absence. William, however, unwilling to rest power solely with Mary, appoints a council of nine statesmen directly answerable to the absent king.
Art and sciencePhilosopher, John Locke, publishes An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding and Treatises on Government, in which he sets out his notion that human understanding is derived from experience. Naturalist, John Ray, publishes Synopsis methodica stirpium Britannicarum. It became the most consulted book for the classification of British plants.
InternationalWilliam III lands in Ireland with an allied force of Protestant fighters from European states to fight French and Irish troops under James II. William's victory at the Battle of the Boyne forces James to flee into permanent exile. French defeat the English at the naval battle of Beachy Head.
See this portrait
On display in Room 8 at the National Portrait Gallery