© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Bt
by John Smith, after Thomas Gibson Click on the links below to find out more
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Thomas Gibson (circa 1680-1751), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 62 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D11682: Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Bt (from same plate)
- NPG D18957: Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Bt (from same plate)
- NPG D34164: Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Bt (from same plate)
The Regency Bill passes in Parliament. John Somers, Baron Somers, and Thomas Wharton, Marquess of Wharton, as prominent supporters of the Protestant succession, are instrumental in formulating legislation which provide for an emergency Council of Sate to convene upon the death of Queen Anne, pending arrival of the Hanoverian successor.
Art and science
Publication of Horae lyricae
, by hymn writer Isaac Watts. A dissenting minister, Watts is recognised as the 'Father of English Hymnody'. Publication of Synopsis Palmariorum Matheseos
, a mathematical guide for beginners by mathematician William Jones. Thomas Twining opens a tea room in London.
Allied forces under Commander-in-chief, John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, defeat Louis XIV's army at the Battle of Ramillies. The most successful campaign in Marlborough's career, victory at Ramillies and a string of subsequent military successes for the allies establishes their control of the Southern Netherlands.