© National Portrait Gallery, London
Elizabeth Southwell (née Cromwell), Lady Cromwell
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
13 7/8 in. x 9 3/4 in. (354 mm x 249 mm) plate size; 14 7/8 in. x 11 in. (378 mm x 278 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1682 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D11604: Elizabeth Southwell (née Cromwell), Lady Cromwell (from same plate)
- NPG D1583: Elizabeth Southwell (née Cromwell), Lady Cromwell (from same plate)
- NPG D31332: Elizabeth Southwell (née Cromwell), Lady Cromwell (from same plate)
Archbishop Thomas Tenison in his circular letter to the bishops, emphasises their duty to instruct and guide parishioners away from sinful practises and encourage a moral reformation. Resignation of leading Whigs, opposed to a peacetime standing army, results in the disintegration and removal of the Whig Junto administration.
Art and science
Nicholas Hawksmoor meets playwright, Sir Jonathan Vanbrugh, the latter having just taken up architecture. The two architects would go on to collaborate on designs for Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.
A second expedition from Scotland arrives at its newly established colony, Darien, south of Panama. Financed by the Company of Scotland, backed by John Hay, Scotland's Lord Chancellor, the disastrous Darien venture was Scotland's attempt in mercantilism to alleviate the country from a period rife with famine.