Informer, Titus Oates, concocts the Popish Plot, an elaborate tale of a Catholic conspiracy to murder the king, enthrone James, Duke of York and catholicize England. The story provokes panic and persecution of Catholics. Extension of the Test Act (1673) excludes Catholics from both the House of Lords and Parliament.
Art and science
While imprisoned under the Conventicle Act, author John Bunyan, writes the first part of Pilgrims Progress
, considered to be one of the most important religious works in the English language. Poet laureate, John Dryden, publishes All for Love
, an adaptation of William Shakespeare's Anthony and Cleopatra
Last major conflict of the Franco-Dutch war, battle of St. Denis, is fiercely fought despite a peace treaty signed days earlier between the two countries. Prince William of Orange, leading Dutch forces, fights alongside his confidant, Hans Willem Bentinck, and an English force, under James Scott, Duke of Monmouth.