© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire
by John Raphael Smith, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1776
15 in. x 11 in. (380 mm x 278 mm) plate size; 15 3/8 in. x 11 3/8 in. (390 mm x 289 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1964
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- John Raphael Smith (1752-1812), Portrait painter, engraver and pastellist. Artist associated with 185 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Tahitian visitor to London Omai returns home with Captain James Cook on his third voyage. During his two-year stay he inspired a play and was painted by Joshua Reynolds. Member of Parliament David Hartley unsuccessfully introduces a motion to the House of Commons calling for the abolition of the slave trade.
Art and science
Edward Gibbon produces the first volume of his monumental The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
.Artist John Constable is born. Scottish economist Adam Smith analyses the nature and causes of prosperity in his magnum opus The Wealth of Nations
American War of Independence: George Washington raises a new American flag on Prospect Hill, Boston. In an anonymous pamphlet entitled Common Sense
, English immigrant Thomas Paine is the first to argue that the American colonies should be independent. Declaration of American Independence on 4 July.