© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester
by Robert Williams, after William Wissing Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, late 17th century
9 3/8 in. x 7 in. (239 mm x 178 mm) plate size; 10 3/4 in. x 7 1/2 in. (273 mm x 192 mm) paper size
- Robert Williams (active 1680-1704), Mezzotinter. Artist associated with 75 portraits.
- William Wissing (1656-1687), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 146 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D1769: Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (from same plate)
- NPG D1771: Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (from same plate)
- NPG D18998: Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (from same plate)
Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds. Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and science
Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage
, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum. Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.