© National Portrait Gallery, London
John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham
by Samuel William Reynolds, after Thomas Phillips Click on the links below to find out more
15 1/4 in. x 11 in. (387 mm x 280 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Thomas Phillips (1770-1845), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 215 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Samuel William Reynolds (1773-1835), Mezzotint engraver and painter. Artist associated with 628 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D1814: John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham (from same plate)
- NPG 2547: John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham (after)
Peterloo Massacre leaves eleven dead and four hundred wounded as crowds, gathered to hear radical Henry Hunt call for reform of the House of Commons, are forcibly dispersed. Six Acts are passed, stiffening the 1795 Treason Act and introducing a tax on the periodical press which was viewed as seditious.
Art and science
Percy Bysshe Shelley writes Ode to the West Wind
during a year of extraordinary creativity in which he also finishes Prometheus Unbound
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; one man's mock-epic odyssey through a world without fixed principles. First ship with a steam engine crosses the Atlantic in twenty-eight days.
Thomas Jefferson establishes the University of Virginia.Royal Navy anti-slave squadron is set up to patrol the West African coastline.French physician Rene Laennac invents the stethoscope.