© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mrs Cross as St Catherine
by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Mrs Cross (active 1697-1700), Actress. Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D11725: Mrs Cross as St Catherine (from same plate)
- NPG D2238: Mrs Cross as St Catherine (from same plate)
William III argues for the existence of a peacetime standing army to maintain England's safety. Unpopular with both political parties, Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, leads the opposition against the proposal. The first service at St. Paul Cathedral is held since the building was destroyed by the Great Fire.
Art and science
Circumnavigator, William Dampier, publishes New Voyage Round the World
. Painter and member of the Whiggish Kit-Cat Club, Godfrey Kneller starts to paint the club's members devising a special portrait size for the series.
Negotiations between William Bentinck, Earl of Portland, and Louis XIV's representative, Marshal Boufflers, effectuate the signing of a peace treaty at Ryswick, ending the Nine Years' War with France. The terms include re-establishment of the territorial position in 1688 and Louis's acknowledgement of William III as King of England.