© National Portrait Gallery, London
Arthur Capel, 1st Earl of Essex
by Bernard Picart (Picard), after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1724
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Notorious thief and jailbreaker John 'Jack' Sheppard is hanged at Tyburn. General George Wade is sent to inspect Scotland, initiating an 11-year program of road improvement and bridge building in the Scottish Highlands.
Art and science
First of Jonathan Swift's Drapier's Letters
is published; one of seven pamphlets railing against the debasement of Irish coinage. Blenheim Palace is presented as a gift to the Duke of Marlborough for his involvement in the Battle of Blenheim in 1704.
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle becomes Minister of Foreign Affairs. Pope Benedict XIII succeeds Pope Innocent XIII as the 245th pope.King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne.