© National Portrait Gallery, London
Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe)
after Richard Cosway Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, after 1792
7 1/4 in. x 5 1/4 in. (185 mm x 133 mm) plate size; 10 1/2 in. x 7 1/2 in. (266 mm x 191 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Richard Cosway (1742-1821), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 96 portraits, Sitter in 15 portraits.
The famous seven year trial of Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal, on charges of embezzlement and murder, ends with his acquittal. Pro-Revolutionary philosopher Joseph Priestley's house is destroyed by a mob on the anniversary of the fall of the Bastille. Their actions are later seen as a key moment in the defeat of Enlightenment ideals in England.
Art and science
Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A Vindication of the Rights of Women
; a radical work which called on women to be allies to one another; fearless in their support and free in their criticism.Sir Joshua Reynolds dies and is succeeded by Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy.
The mob invades the Tuileries and the French Royal Family is imprisoned marking the end of France's experiment with constitutional monarchy and the declaration of the first French Republic.The Revolutionary Commune is established in Paris.France declares war on Austria and then Prussia.