© National Portrait Gallery, London
Elizabeth Napier (née Greenway)
published by Carington Bowles, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
6 in. x 4 1/2 in. (152 mm x 113 mm) plate size; 9 1/4 in. x 5 5/8 in. (234 mm x 144 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Carington Bowles (1724-1793), Printseller. Artist associated with 88 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- NPG D2894: Elizabeth Napier (née Greenway) (based on same portrait)
- NPG D34916: Elizabeth Napier (née Greenway) (based on same portrait)
George Grenville is dismissed as Prime Minister. He is succeeded by Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham.Isle of Man is brought under British control. Stamp Act requires that printed materials in the colonies, such as legal documents and newspapers, are produced on paper made in London carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
Art and science
Nevil Maskelyne becomes Astronomer Royal.Writer Samuel Johnson publishes his edition of Shakespeare. Inventor James Watt makes a breakthrough in the development of the steam engine by constructing a model with a separate condenser.Judge and politician William Blackstone publishes his influential work Commentaries on the Laws of England
Robert Clive secures the rights for the East India Company to collect taxes in Bengal from Mughal Emperor Shah Alam.American campaigners against the Stamp Act organise themselves as the Sons of Liberty in Massachusetts and New York.