© National Portrait Gallery, London
Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn
by Richard Earlom, after Samuel Cooper Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1810
6 1/2 in. x 4 1/4 in. (164 mm x 107 mm) plate size; 8 3/4 in. x 6 1/8 in. (222 mm x 154 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn (1651?-1687), Actress; mistress of Charles II. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
- Samuel Cooper (1609-1672), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 110 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Richard Earlom (1743-1822), Engraver. Artist associated with 107 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D2514: Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn (from same plate)
- NPG D2544: Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn (from same plate)
- NPG D2546: Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn (from same plate)
Serious 'Burdett and Liberty' riots break out in London in support of radical MP Sir Francis Burdett who had been arrested for denouncing the House of Common's decision to bar journalists from some debates. Princess Amelia dies triggering renewed bout of illness in her father, George III.
Art and science
Sir Walter Scott publishes his chivalrous, medieval ballad, The Lady of the Lake
, set on Loch Katrine in Perthshire.Kennett and Avon Trunk Canal is completed.First Savings Bank is set up by financier Henry Duncan.
Madame De Stael writes De l'Allemagne
which portrays Germany as a model of Romantic nationalism for emerging revolutionary nations. It was banned by Napoleon but published in London to great acclaim.Lisbon besieged. Wellington takes shelter behind the fortified lines of the Torres Vedras and the French army are forced to retreat.