Photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London
Richard Beeching, 1st Baron Beeching
by Geoffrey Davien Click on the links below to find out more
sculptoon, ceramic, 1964
6 3/4 in. x 4 3/4 in. (170 mm x 120 mm) overall
Given by widow of the artist, Shealagh J. Dickson (formerly Davien), 1977
Harold Wilson narrowly wins the general election for the Labour Party, the first of his four election victories.Peter Allen and Gwynne Evans become the last people to be executed in the United Kingdom before capital punishment was abolished in 1965.The Sun newspaper replaces the Daily Herald.
Art and scienceTop of the Pops
begins its rein as the longest running television music show. The first broadcast was presented by Jimmy Savile and included the Rolling Stones, Dusty Springfield, The Hollies and The Beatles, who were the show's first number 1 with I Want to Hold Your Hand
The Civil Rights Act is passed in the USA, outlawing discrimination based on race, colour, religion, sex or national origin. The Act abolished the 'Jim Crow Laws' in the Southern States, making forced segregation illegal.After spending two years in prison Nelson Mandela is sentenced to Life in Prison for the crimes of sabotage and crimes equivalent to treason against the Republic of South Africa.