© National Portrait Gallery, London
by John Brooks, published by Thomas Jefferys, published by William Herbert, after Anthony Lee Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, mid 18th century
13 7/8 in. x 10 in. (356 mm x 257 mm) plate size; 14 1/4 in. x 10 1/4 in. (365 mm x 263 mm) paper size
- John Brooks (circa 1710-after 1756), Engraver and print publisher. Artist associated with 35 portraits.
- William Herbert (1718-1795), Bibliographer and printseller. Artist associated with 28 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Thomas Jefferys (circa 1719-1771), Engraver, cartographer and publisher. Artist associated with 32 portraits.
- Anthony Lee (active circa 1724-1767), Painter and draughtsman. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- NPG D339: William Aldrich (from same plate)
Robert Walpole resigns as Prime Minister following the scandal surrounding the alleged rigging of the Chippenham by-election. He is made 1st Earl of Orford. Carteret administration formed with Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington as Prime Minister.
Art and science
Composer George Frideric Handel's Messiah
is first performed at The Great Music Hall in Dublin. Ranelagh Gardens opens in Chelsea. Writer Edmond Hoyle publishes the definitive rules of whist.James Bradley succeeds Edmond Halley as Astronomer Royal.Painter Charles Jervas' translation of Don Quixote
is posthumously published.
War of the Austrian Succession: Treaty of Berlin, mediated by Britain, is signed by Maria Theresa of Austria and Frederick II of Prussia, ending the First Silesian War. George II acts as guarantor. Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius proposes 100 degrees between the freezing and boiling points of water.