© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Alexander Bannerman, after William Aikman Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1762
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- William Kent (1685?-1748), Architect, painter and landscape gardener. Sitter associated with 8 portraits, Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- William Aikman (1682-1731), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 28 portraits.
- Alexander Bannerman (circa 1730-after 1779), Printmaker. Artist associated with 38 portraits.
William Kent came from humble origins but gained knowledge of the classics when his early patrons took him on a Grand Tour of Italy. His status as a learned gentleman is conveyed in this portrait by his loose cap, the typical costume of a 'virtuoso', a refined lover of the arts and sciences.
Birth of George, Prince of Wales (later George IV) on 12 August. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle resigns as Prime Minister over foreign policy and is succeeded by the Tory John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Many of Newcastle's followers are dismissed over the following months in what becomes popularly known as the 'Massacre of the Pelhamite Innocents'.'Cock Lane ghost' appears in Smithfield, London.
Art and science
James MacPherson publishes Fingal, an Ancient Epic Poem
, said to be the work of the third century Scottish bard Ossian, initiating the greatest literary hoax of the century.Sign-Painters Exhibition is organised in London by Bonnell Thornton to ridicule recently established public art exhibitions. Artist William Hogarth publishes The Times Plate 1
; an anti-war satire.
Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes his major works The Social Contract and Emile; influential treatises on society and education. Peter III of Russia is reputedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife Catherine, who succeeds him to the throne as Catherine II (later the Great). Seven Years' War: The British commander John Manners Marquess of Granby distinguishes himself at the Battle of Manila.