© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Sandby; Elizabeth Sandby (née Venables)
by George Sanders, published by Henry Graves & Co, after Thomas Gainsborough Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1878
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Elizabeth Sandby (née Venables) (circa 1733-1782), Seamtress and launderess to the Duke of Cumberland. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Thomas Sandby (1721-1798), Draughtsman and architect; brother of Paul Sandby. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788), Portrait and landscape painter. Artist associated with 262 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Henry Graves & Co (active 1844-1899), Publishers. Artist associated with 228 portraits.
- George Sanders (1810-active 1876), Engraver. Artist associated with 17 portraits, Sitter associated with 1 portrait.
The University of London becomes the first English university to admit women to examination and degree, although women had been allowed to attend classes at the University since 1830.The former British Prime Minister Lord John Russell dies at Pembroke Lodge, in Surrey.
Art and science
Libel trial between critic John Ruskin and artist Whistler, provoked after Ruskin's review of Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket
accused Whistler of 'flinging a pot of paint in the public's face'. Whistler sued Ruskin, and although Ruskin was found guilty, he only had to pay one farthing in damages; the case bankrupted Whistler. Frederic Leighton, the renowned painter and sculptor is elected President of the Royal Academy.
The Treaty of Berlin is signed following the end of the Turkish-Russo war (1877-8). In a major shake-up of the Balkans, Bulgaria became autonomous, and Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania gained independence and territory, and Bosnia-Herzegovina was assigned to Austria for administration. The British delegation, including Lord Russell and Disraeli, score diplomatic success in limiting Russian influence in the Balkans, continuing to prop up Turkey.