© National Portrait Gallery, London
by William Say, published by Joseph Johnson, after William Artaud Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1 August 1804
9 in. x 6 1/4 in. (228 mm x 159 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- William Artaud (1763-1823), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 19 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Joseph Johnson (1738-1809), Bookseller and publisher. Artist associated with 6 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- William Say (1768-1834), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 261 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D4584: Gilbert Wakefield (from same plate)
- NPG D4585: Gilbert Wakefield (from same plate)
William Pitt returns to office and forms a second coalition administration, retaining many of those who had served under his predecessor Henry Addington but specifically excluding his arch rival Charles James Fox .
Art and science
William Blake starts writing Jerusalem
. One of his most ambitious allegorical poems, it took nearly eight years to complete. Amidst infighting about submissions to the annual exhibition, attempts are made to unseat painter Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy and elect architect James Wyatt instead.
Napoleon declares himself Emperor of France and is crowned as Napoleon I by Pope Pius VII in Paris. Haiti achieves independence led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the patriot and martyr who had seized control from the French in 1801. He becomes a symbolic figure of freedom for the British anti-slavery movement.