© National Portrait Gallery, London
by James Macardell, after Arthur Pond Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1750-1765
12 5/8 in. x 8 7/8 in. (322 mm x 225 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- James Macardell (1727 or 1728-1765), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 291 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Arthur Pond (1701-1758), Painter and engraver. Artist associated with 31 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Notorious highwayman James MacLaine is apprehended and hanged at Tyburn, having passed in society as a wealthy gentleman for two years.Scottish landlords start evicting tenants in the Highland Clearances. Westminster Bridge is opened, the only fixed crossing of the River Thames between London Bridge and Putney.Iron Act is passed restricting the manufacture of iron products in the American colonies.
Art and science
Electrician and experimental philosopher John Canton reads a paper before the Royal Society on a method of making artificial magnets. Writer Samuel Johnson begins publishing his periodical The Rambler
. Artist Joshua Reynolds travels to Italy, where he remains until 1752. Establishment of the Jockey Club; a gentleman's club which took over the regulation of British horse racing.
Composer Johann Sebastian Bach dies in Leipzig. He completes his Mass in B Minor, worked on over many years, shortly before his death.