© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Peter Lely
by Arnold de Jode, published by Richard Tompson, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1666
14 in. x 11 in. (357 mm x 280 mm) paper size, cut
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Sitter in 19 portraits, Artist associated with 842 portraits.
- Arnold de Jode (circa 1638-1667), Engraver. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 842 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Richard Tompson (died 1693), Publisher, printseller, auctioneer and dealer. Artist associated with 116 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
The Great Fire of London starts in a baker's shop in Pudding Lane, destroying two-thirds of the city. Charles II and James, Duke of York personally direct and manually assist with the fire-fighting effort. Thousands are left homeless, though few people die.
Art and science
Mathematical scientist, Isaac Newton, formulates a series of groundbreaking theories concerning light, colour, calculus, and, after supposedly watching an apple fall from a tree, the universal law of gravitation. Nicholas Lanier, Master of the King's Music dies and Frenchman Louis Grabu is appointed the post.
The Four Days' Battle. Dutch navy led by Admiral Michiel de Ruyter attacks the English fleet under George Monck, Duke of Albemarle, now Joint- Commander-in-Chief with Prince Rupert. Outcome of the battle is indecisive, though England looses twice as many men and ships, severely damaging the fleet.