© National Portrait Gallery, London
Gilbert Burnet; John Locke; Humphrey Prideaux; Samuel Clarke
by John Simon Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1715-1724
14 3/8 in. x 10 3/8 in. (365 mm x 264 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Gilbert Burnet (1643-1715), Bishop of Salisbury and historian. Sitter associated with 24 portraits.
- Samuel Clarke (1675-1729), Metaphysician. Sitter in 21 portraits.
- John Locke (1632-1704), Philosopher. Sitter in 36 portraits.
- Humphrey Prideaux (1648-1724), Orientalist. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke flees to Paris - following his part in secret negotiations around the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 - where he becomes foreign minister to the Pretender, James Stuart. First Jacobite Rebellion begins in Scotland against the rule of George I. The Pretender arrives from France. Total solar eclipse is seen across southern England; the last total eclipse visible in London for almost 900 years.
Art and science
Artist Jonathan Richardson publishes The Theory of Painting
, credited with being the first significant work of artistic theory in English.Poet Alexander Pope begins his acclaimed translation of Homer's Illiad
Architect Colen Campbell creates interest in the Palladian style in Britain with the publication of his Vitruvius Britannicus
Louis XIV of France dies after seventy-two years on the throne. He is succeeded by his five-year old grandson, Louis XV. British build a permanent factory in Canton, China.