© National Portrait Gallery, London
by William Henshaw, after William Mason Click on the links below to find out more
5 in. x 3 7/8 in. (126 mm x 100 mm) plate size; 5 3/4 in. x 4 3/4 in. (145 mm x 121 mm) paper size
- Thomas Gray (1716-1771), Classical scholar and poet. Sitter in 14 portraits.
- William Henshaw. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- William Mason (1725-1797), Poet and divine; friend and biographer of Thomas Gray. Artist associated with 9 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
Death of George II on 25 October at the age of 76. George III succeeds to the throne at the age of 22.
Art and science
German artist Johan Zoffany arrives in England, where he is instrumental in reviving the 'conversation piece' genre of painting. First public exhibition of paintings in England is held at the Society of Arts' Great Room in the Strand, London. The Public Ledger is founded; the oldest British periodical with continuous daily publication.
Seven Years' War: At the Battle of Carrickfergus in Ireland, a force of French troops captures the town of Carrickfergus before retiring. Surrender of Montreal to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst signals the virtual loss of Canada by the French. British troops oust the Nawab of Bengal Mir Jafar and replace him with Mir Quasim.Former Chief Tacky leads an unsuccessful slave rebellion in Jamaica, which aims to overthrow British rule.