© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Joseph Collyer the Younger, after John Russell Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1 January 1808 (1788)
6 1/2 in. x 4 1/2 in. (165 mm x 114 mm) plate size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- John Newton (1725-1807), Slave trader, clergyman and friend of the poet William Cowper. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Joseph Collyer the Younger (1748-1827), Engraver. Artist associated with 60 portraits.
- John Russell (1745-1806), Portrait painter and pastellist. Artist associated with 102 portraits, Sitter associated with 6 portraits.
- Douglas Hamilton and Robert J. Blyth, Representing slavery : art, artefacts and archives in the collections of the National Maritime Museum, 2007, p. 302
The 'Mary Anne Clarke affair' erupts in which Clarke, mistress of Frederick, Duke of York, was said to have used her influence with him to run a military promotions racket. Championed by radical government opponents, it ends in the Duke's resignation as Commander-in-Chief of the army.
Art and science
Sculptor John Flaxman begins Nelson memorial for St Paul's.Richard Trevithick demonstrates model railway travelling at 12 mph.
After taking Portugal, Napoleon invades Spain, deposes the Spanish Bourbon monarchy and appoints his brother Joseph as the new King. ThePeninsular War then begins under Sir John Moore and Arthur Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington, aiming to protect Portugal and exploit Iberian hatred of French tyranny.