© National Portrait Gallery, London
James Boswell in dress of Corsican chief
by J. Miller, after Samuel Wale Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1769
7 1/4 in. x 4 3/8 in. (185 mm x 113 mm) plate size; 8 1/4 in. x 4 5/8 in. (210 mm x 119 mm) paper size
- James Boswell (1740-1795), Biographer of Dr Johnson. Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- J. Miller (active 1769-1825), Engraver and publisher. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
- Samuel Wale (1721-1786), History painter. Artist associated with 10 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Radical John Wilkes is expelled from Parliament once again, on the grounds that he was an outlaw when he was voted in. He is re-elected by his Middlesex constituents, then expelled and re-elected twice more, until Parliament declares his opponent, Henry Luttrell, the winner.First of 69 anonymous Letters of Junius
appears in the Public Advertiser
, exposing political corruption. The politician Sir Philip Francis is now believed to have been responsible.
Art and science
Josiah Wedgwood opens his Etruria Works for the manufacture of pottery.Inventor Richard Arkwright patents a spinning frame able to weave fabric mechanically.Gordon's London Dry Gin is produced for the first time. First Royal Academy exhibition is held. Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage
is first published.
Captain Cook observes the transit of Venus in Tahiti while his passengers, Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, collect valuable specimens of Pacific flora. The expedition travels on to New Zealand where Cook begins charting the country's entire coastline. Treaty of Madras ends the First Anglo-Mysore War but fails to settle dispute.French inventor Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot tests a steam wagon, probably the first working mechanical vehicle.