© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Robert White, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1690
5 5/8 in. x 3 5/8 in. (143 mm x 91 mm) paper size
- Samuel Pepys (1633-1703), Diarist and naval administrator. Sitter in 11 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- Robert White (1645-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 607 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
William III, forced to leave England to fight in Ireland, empowers Mary II, through the Regency Act, to exercise authority in his absence. William, however, unwilling to rest power solely with Mary, appoints a council of nine statesmen directly answerable to the absent king.
Art and science
Philosopher, John Locke, publishes An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding and Treatises on Government
, in which he sets out his notion that human understanding is derived from experience. Naturalist, John Ray, publishes Synopsis methodica stirpium Britannicarum
. It became the most consulted book for the classification of British plants.
William III lands in Ireland with an allied force of Protestant fighters from European states to fight French and Irish troops under James II. William's victory at the Battle of the Boyne forces James to flee into permanent exile. French defeat the English at the naval battle of Beachy Head.