© National Portrait Gallery, London
James Scarlett, 1st Baron Abinger
by Henry Cousins, after Sir Martin Archer Shee Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published March 1837
14 1/8 in. x 10 3/4 in. (359 mm x 274 mm) paper size
Given by Serjeants' Inn, 1877
- Henry Cousins (1809-1864), Engraver; brother of Samuel Cousins. Artist associated with 62 portraits.
- Sir Martin Archer Shee (1769-1850), Portrait painter and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 85 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D5609: James Scarlett, 1st Baron Abinger (from same plate)
- NPG D19224: James Scarlett, 1st Baron Abinger (from same plate)
The controversial monarch William IV dies of pneumonia in June leaving no legitimate heirs, and is succeeded to the throne by his niece Victoria, one month after her eighteenth birthday. The Registration Act of Births, Marriages and Deaths makes it compulsory for all births, marriages and deaths to be registered at a Registry Office.
Art and science
Dickens's second novel Oliver Twist
is serialised in Bentley's Magazine
. The story of the orphan Oliver is an attack on the Poor Law Amendment Acts (1834), a highly contentious piece of legislation which abolished outdoor relief, effectively increasing entry in the workhouse. The novel, famously made into a musical in 1968, marks Dickens as an outspoken social critic as well as a highly popular and commercial writer.
The Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin is killed in a duel with Baron Georges d'Anthès. Considered the founder of modern Russian literature, Pushkin blended Old Slavonic with vernacular Russian and was the first Russian writer to use everyday speech in his poetry. His works include Eugene Onegin