© National Portrait Gallery, London
after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, after 1719
7 in. x 4 7/8 in. (180 mm x 126 mm)
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Joseph Addison (1672-1719), Essayist and poet. Sitter in 24 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
Spanish invasion of Scotland fails. British forces defeat an alliance of Jacobite and Spanish forces led by George Keith, 10th Earl Marischal, amongst others, at the Battle of Glen Shiel. South Sea Company proposes a scheme under which it will buy more than half of Britain's national debt in exchange for trading concessions.
Art and science
Pugilist James Figg claims to be the first English bare-knuckle boxing champion; a title he will hold until the 1730s.Eliza Haywood launches her writing career with the best-selling novel Love in Excess
, recounting the amorous escapades of the rake Count D'Elmont. Daniel Defoe publishes his novel Robinson Crusoe
War of the Quadruple Alliance: French army under James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick invades the Basque provinces of Spain but suffers heavy losses due to disease. George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington assists in the taking of Messina and destroys the remaining Spanish fleet. Prussia conducts Europe's first systematic census.Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.