© National Portrait Gallery, London
Lady Elizabeth Dormer (née Kerr); William Kerr, 6th Marquess of Lothian when Lord Newbattle
by Valentine Green, published by Robert Sayer, after Katharine Read Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1779
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Valentine Green (1739-1813), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Katharine Read (1723-1778), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 41 portraits.
- Robert Sayer (1724 or 1725-1794), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 196 portraits.
Admiral Augustus Keppel, First Lord of the Admiralty during the final years of the American War of Independence is tried and acquitted at court martial of misconduct at the Battle of Ushant the previous year. His case becomes a cause célèbre
.Botanist Joseph Banks tells a committee of the House of Commons that the east coast of Australia is suitable for the transportation of convicted felons.Penitentiary Act authorises state prisons.
Art and science
Swiss artist Henry Fuseli settles in London after nine years in Rome. Painter and President of the Royal Academy Joshua Reynolds' celebrated Discourses
on art are published as a book. World's first iron bridge is assembled across the Severn at Coalbrookdale.Inventor Samuel Crompton introduces the Spinning Mule.John Newton and William Cowper's Olney Hymns
is published, containing the first printed version of Amazing Grace
American War of Independence: Spain, in alliance with France and the US, declares war on Britain. Great Siege of Gibraltar begins, in which French and Spanish forces try to wrest power from the established British Garrison, under the leadership of General George Augustus Eliot.Captain James Cook is killed in a skirmish with natives on the Sandwich Islands on his third and final voyage.