© National Portrait Gallery, London
Godard van Reede-Ginckel, 1st Earl of Athlone
by Robert Williams, after Thomas Hill Click on the links below to find out more
13 1/8 in. x 9 5/8 in. (337 mm x 246 mm) plate size; 13 1/4 in. x 9 5/8 in. (339 mm x 248 mm) paper size
- Thomas Hill (1661-1734), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 29 portraits.
- Robert Williams (active 1680-1704), Mezzotinter. Artist associated with 75 portraits.
- NPG D565: Godard van Reede-Ginckel, 1st Earl of Athlone (from same plate)
William III, forced to leave England to fight in Ireland, empowers Mary II, through the Regency Act, to exercise authority in his absence. William, however, unwilling to rest power solely with Mary, appoints a council of nine statesmen directly answerable to the absent king.
Art and science
Philosopher, John Locke, publishes An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding and Treatises on Government
, in which he sets out his notion that human understanding is derived from experience. Naturalist, John Ray, publishes Synopsis methodica stirpium Britannicarum
. It became the most consulted book for the classification of British plants.
William III lands in Ireland with an allied force of Protestant fighters from European states to fight French and Irish troops under James II. William's victory at the Battle of the Boyne forces James to flee into permanent exile. French defeat the English at the naval battle of Beachy Head.