© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
sold by Benjamin Cole Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1628
- Benjamin Cole (circa 1667-1729), Publisher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
In this portrait the Duke is portrayed as a standard bearer, clad in richly embroidered doublet and breeches, with a military encampment the distance. The design derives from an engraved series of Standard Bearers by the Dutch artist Hendrik Goltzius. The superior and lofty air of the standard bearer befit the Duke's vainglorious character.
John Felton, a professional soldier, assassinates George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. Lawyer and politician, Sir Edward Coke, leads the demand for a Petition of Right which sets out specific civil liberties while curbing Royal power. After much debate, it is reluctantly accepted by Charles I and passed in Parliament.
Art and science
Aged ten, poet Abraham Cowley writes his epic romance, Pyramus and Thisbe
; it would appear in his first publication, Poetical blossoms
, 1633, a collection of five poems. Charles I purchases a substantial art collection from the Duke of Mantua, initially overseen by diplomat, Sir Isaac Wake.
The Huguenots surrender in La Rochelle to Catholic royalist forces. Attempts are made by England to assist the city; a final, unsuccessful expedition is dispatched by Robert Bertie, Earl of Lindsey, now head of the fleet since the death of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham.