© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Horace Harral, after a photograph by Robert Howlett Click on the links below to find out more
wood engraving, 1858
8 1/4 in. x 11 in. (208 mm x 279 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- Robert Stephenson (1803-1859), Civil engineer; son of George Stephenson. Sitter in 12 portraits.
- Horace Harral (active 1844-1891), Wood-engraver and photographer. Artist associated with 7 portraits.
- Robert Howlett (1831-1858), Photographer. Artist associated with 12 portraits.
After Palmerstone's government collapses, the Earl of Derby becomes Prime Minister for second time, again heading a minority government. The Property qualification for MPs is abolished; one of the demands made by the Chartists, this allowed men who did not own property to stand as parliamentary candidates. Lionel Nathan Rothschild becomes the first Jew to sit in Britain's House of Commons, taking his oath on the Old Testament.
Art and science
The pianist Charles Hallé founds a symphony orchestra in Manchester, the Halle; now Britain's oldest professional orchestra. The Hallé symphony rose to prominence in the mid-20th century, under the tenure of conductor John Barbirolli, during which time they made many recordings, including Ralph Vaughan Williams's Symphony No. 8
The British Crown assumes control of India from the East India Company.The Treaty of Tientsin, ending the Second Opium War, gives European powers new rights to intervene in Chinese affairsThe Fenian Brotherhood is founded by John O'Mahony, an Irish emigrant to the United States, to support Irish republican ambitions.