© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield
by and published by John Jones, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 6 April 1789 (1788)
Given by Ursula Grant Duff (née Lubbock), 1957
- John Jones (circa 1745-1797), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 91 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- NPG D19889: John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield (from same plate)
George III recovers from the previous year's illness. The 'Regency Crisis' and attendant political wrangling between the Tory Prime Minister William Pitt and the pro-Whig Prince of Wales end. Dismissed as a 'bilious attack', George's sickness was in fact the first sign of the mental health problems which led to the Prince of Wales's appointment as Regent in 1811.
Art and science
John Boydell's ambitious new Shakespeare Gallery opens in Pall Mall, displaying works by Britain's leading artists and attempting to combine urban entertainment with the promotion of British history painting. Philosopher Jeremy Bentham publishes An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
, outlining his 'greatest happiness principle'.
George Washington is elected first President of the United States.The French Revolution begins. The storming of the Bastille on the 14 July marks the overthrow of the absolute monarchy in France. The uprising followed the establishment of a governing National Assembly of the people's representatives.