© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Horne Tooke
by Anker Smith, after Thomas Hardy Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1791
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Horne Tooke (1736-1812), Radical politician; MP and philologist. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
- Thomas Hardy (1757-1804), Portrait painter and engraver. Artist associated with 20 portraits.
- Anker Smith (1759-1819), Printmaker and miniature painter. Artist associated with 11 portraits.
Thomas Paine publishes his inflammatory and widely read Rights of Man
in response to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France
of the previous year. The work advocates radical revolution and prompts a trial for seditious libel that takes place in his absence.The Catholic Relief Act is passed, repealing the most severe penal laws.
Art and science
Astronomer William Herschel discovers Uranus.Robert Burns publishes Tam O'Shanter
, combining the Scottish vernacular with the formal traditions of classical English poetry and exploring radical ideas of freedom.The Observer
newspaper is founded.The Ordnance Survey
is set up to prepare detailed maps of the country.
Mozart composes The Magic Flute
.The Declaration of the Rights of Man
establishes liberal freedoms in France The French Constitution is passed by the National Assembly. Louis XVI flees Paris with his family but is captured at Varennes.William Pitt declares Britain will remain neutral in any war against France.