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John Horne Tooke

6 of 49 portraits of John Horne Tooke

John Horne Tooke, by Anker Smith, after  Thomas Hardy, published 1791 - NPG D6960 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

John Horne Tooke

by Anker Smith, after Thomas Hardy
line engraving, published 1791
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D6960


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Sitterback to top

  • John Horne Tooke (1736-1812), Radical politician; MP and philologist. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • Thomas Hardy (1757-1804), Portrait painter and engraver. Artist associated with 20 portraits.
  • Anker Smith (1759-1819), Printmaker and miniature painter. Artist associated with 11 portraits.

Related worksback to top

Events of 1791back to top

Current affairs

Thomas Paine publishes his inflammatory and widely read Rights of Man in response to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France of the previous year. The work advocates radical revolution and prompts a trial for seditious libel that takes place in his absence. The Catholic Relief Act is passed, repealing the most severe penal laws.

Art and science

Astronomer William Herschel discovers Uranus. Robert Burns publishes Tam O'Shanter, combining the Scottish vernacular with the formal traditions of classical English poetry and exploring radical ideas of freedom. The Observer newspaper is founded. The Ordnance Survey is set up to prepare detailed maps of the country.

International

Mozart composes The Magic Flute. The Declaration of the Rights of Man establishes liberal freedoms in France The French Constitution is passed by the National Assembly. Louis XVI flees Paris with his family but is captured at Varennes. William Pitt declares Britain will remain neutral in any war against France.

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