© National Portrait Gallery, London
John James Audubon
by Charles Turner, after Francis Cruikshank Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1835
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John James Audubon (1785-1851), American ornithologist, author and artist. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Francis Cruikshank (active 1848-1881). Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- Charles Turner (1773-1857), Engraver. Artist associated with 618 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Lord Melbourne, Whig, becomes Prime Minister following Peel's resignation. Melbourne's government took steps to suppress trade union activity, introducing legislation against 'illegal oaths', contributing to the failure of Robert Owen's Grand National Consolidated Trades' Union.
Art and science
Felix Dujardin, the French biologist, reveals protoplasm. Work on the enlargement and remodelling of Buckingham House to designs by the architect John Nash is completed, creating Buckingham Palace.
Juan Manuel de Rosas becomes dictator of Argentina, invoking a seventeen year rule dominated by terror. A powerful cattle rancher, he represents the rise of the estancieros
, the new landed oligarchy based on commercial ranching.