© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Campbell, 7th Duke of Argyll
by James Posselwhite, after Sir William Charles Ross Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, (1843)
12 in. x 9 in. (305 mm x 229 mm) plate size; 18 in. x 13 3/4 in. (458 mm x 348 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Sir Henry Cole commissions 1,000 copies of the first Christmas card, designed by John Callcott Horsley. Cole would later be instrumental in staging the Great Exhibition, and in developing science and art education in Britain.Nelson's statue, by E.H. Bailey, is placed on top of its column in Trafalgar Square.
Art and science
The Theatre Regulations Act is passed, abolishing the privileged position of the 'major' theatres which held letters patent from the crown, allowing all theatres to perform 'legitimate' theatre.First volume of Ruskin's Modern Painters
published, praising Turner and demanding that artists should demonstrate 'truth to nature' in their work. Ruskin is a great inspiration to the Pre-Raphaelites.
The first experimental telegraph wire is constructed between Baltimore and Washington, using Morse code to send a message. The code, in which pulses of current deflect an electromagnet, moving a marker and producing written codes on a strip of paper, had been invented by Samuel Morse in 1838. The line officially opens in 1844.