© National Portrait Gallery, London
Elizabeth (née Gunning), Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon
by Robert Lawrie (Lowry), published by Robert Sayer, after Katharine Read Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 25 February 1771
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Robert Lawrie (Lowry) (circa 1755-1836). Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- Katharine Read (1723-1778), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 41 portraits.
- Robert Sayer (1724 or 1725-1794), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 196 portraits.
Artist Benjamin West exhibits his celebrated modern history painting The Death of Wolfe
at the Royal Academy, commemorating the death of General James Wolfe at the 1759 Battle of Quebec during the Seven Years' War. The painting creates a sensation and George III commissions a copy. Reporting of parliamentary debates is permitted.
Art and science
Richard Arkwright begins to develop cotton mills at Cromford in the Derwent Valley, Derbyshire; one of the earliest factory complexes.Botanist James Robertson makes the first recorded ascent of Ben Nevis.Encyclopedia Britannica
is completed with 2,931 pages. First recorded cricket match is played in Horsham, West Sussex.
First voyage of James Cook ends. HMS Endeavour
anchors in the port of Deal, Kent following its three-year global circumnavigation.Spain cedes the Falkland Islands to Britain.