© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry Austin Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare
by Charles Holl, after Henry Tanworth Wells Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, 1868 or after
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Charles Holl (circa 1810-1882), Engraver. Artist associated with 28 portraits.
- Henry Tanworth Wells (1828-1903), Miniature and portrait painter. Artist associated with 107 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
- NPG D7133: Henry Austin Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare (from same plate)
- NPG D20713: Henry Austin Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare (from same plate)
Following the Earl of Derby's resignation, Benjamin Disraeli becomes Prime Minister. However, following a near immediate Liberal election victory, he is replaced as Prime Minister by Gladstone. Gladstone sets out his mission to 'pacify Ireland'. Separately, the first meeting of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) is held in Manchester. Public executions are abolished, and are moved from outside Newgate gaol to inside the prison.
Art and science
Wilkie Collins's The Moonstone
published. Credited with writing the first sensation novel The Woman in White
, Collins's claims another first here, as the mystery surrounding the disappearance of the Herncastle diamond, is recognised as one of the first detective novels.
An uprising against Spanish rule in Cuba sparks off the Ten Years' War, in which 200,000 lives are lost. Cubans in the eastern provinces unite under wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Cespedes. Another armed uprising takes place against Spanish rule in the town of Lares in Puerto Rico, known as the 'Grito de Lares'.