© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Robert Cooper, published by James Bulcock, after Charles Penny Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1825
- John Abernethy (1764-1831), Surgeon and teacher. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- James Bulcock (active 1827-1835), Publisher. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- Robert Cooper (active 1795-died 1828), Historical and portrait engraver. Artist associated with 184 portraits.
- Charles Penny (active 1818-1825), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 17 portraits.
Strikes, contract breaking and worker intimidation prompt the passing of a new Anti-Trade Union Combination Act to the dismay of economist John McCulloch, MP Joseph Hume and radical Francis Place who had worked for the repeal of the previous year. Catholic Relief Bill is rejected by the House of Lords.
Art and science
Construction of Thames Tunnel begins under the direction of Marc Isambard Brunel.Stockton to Darlington Railway, the world's first passenger system, opens.William Hazlitt publishes The Spirit of the Age
; twenty-five pen-portraits of his contemporaries in the world of literature, philosophy and politics.
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony
premieres in London. John Quincy Adams is elected President of the United States.